How To Care For Laying Hens: A Beginner’s Guide to Everything

A guide to caring for your laying hens. This one article covers everything you need to know to start raising healthy and happy laying hens.

Seven baby chicks outside.

Are you considering raising backyard chickens? Are you filled with questions? Welcome to your one-stop shop for all things you need to know about laying hens. We’ll cover the whole process from raising chicks, to taking care of juveniles, all the way to laying age and incubating eggs so you can start the whole process all over again.

Everything You Could Ever Need to Know About Eggs

If you’re raising laying hens, it’s probably because you want eggs. That’s not to say they don’t make great pets as well, but the fresh eggs certainly make the hard work worth it. Here is just about everything you could need to know about eggs.

A line of eggs in assorted colors on a picnic table.

Everything You Could Need to Know About Raising Chicks

Most beginners start with already hatched chicks, but if you like to walk on the wild side, you can hatch your own! Hatching eggs are often considerably cheaper than purchasing day-old chicks, but it comes with some risks. Let me help you navigate hatching your own laying hens.

Fluffy yellow chicks on grass.

Everything You Could Need to Know About Growing Your Flock

Hatching eggs? Day old chicks? Pullets? Adult layers? Find out the best way to grow your flock, because backyard chickens are like potato chips. You can never have enough.

Brand new baby chicks exploring outside.

Everything You Could Need to Know About Keeping Laying Hens Happy & Healthy

Chickens are great starter livestock because they pretty much take care of themselves. There are still things you can do to keep them happy and healthy though. Delicious eggs come from happy hens.

Seven black chickens lined up on a wooden railing.

How to Build the Perfect Chicken Coop

You can certainly learn as you go, but it’s easier to get things right the first time without trial and error.

A flock of chickens in their outdoor pen.

Products We Use with our Laying Hens That Get My Seal of Approval

Food Fun

My chickens love fresh cabbage, but my husband hates when I use his drill press to drill through it to hang it. If you haven’t done that, I suggest you don’t. It’s really messy. These Chick-N-Veggie Balls are a really awesome alternative to a drill press for hanging up fresh fruits and veggies. You can also leave them on the ground and watch the chickens play a little game of soccer with them. It’s super fun to watch. Almost as fun as watching them play keep-away with cherry tomatoes. There is a smaller 3″ veggie ball on the market, but I found the smaller one was a pain to open and close. This one is a lot easier to use. We hang ours using a bungee cord attached to the rafters and hooked to the O-ring at the end of the chain that comes with the ball. You can also make your own bug trap for your chickens to enjoy.

Chick-N-Veggie Ball

The Perfect Candler

If you’re incubating eggs, you’re going to want to candle them. Not only does candling make sure you don’t have rotten egg explosions, but it’s also just plain fun to see what’s going on in that egg. We used a cheap mini flashlight we got at a convenience store for years. I didn’t feel I was missing out by not having an official candler. If you’re on a budget, stick to a flashlight with LED bulbs. If you’re looking for something extra and you’ve got the funds, the Magicfly Bright Cool LED Light Egg Candler is pretty nifty. It’s cooler in temperature than a flashlight, so you don’t have to rush in an attempt to keep the eggs from heating up. It’s also bright enough to see detail in dark eggs.

Magicfly Bright Cool LED Light Egg Candler

A Cleaner Nest Box

We use to use pine shavings or hay dropped by the goats for our nest boxes, but someone suggested using nest pads and I’m glad they did. The eggs are cleaner and they don’t break, even if there is a scuffle in the nest box. You’ll come to realize that every hen wants to lay in the same box and that leads to these scuffles. We have some patient ladies that will wait patiently for their turn for the coveted nest box, but others will bully their way in. It’s very frustrating to find eggs broken. It’s also a real pain to clean up the mess when that happens. If an egg breaks on a nest pad, you can just pull out the whole pad and hose it down. The first set we got was a plastic set that resembled one of those nubby welcome mats. I wasn’t a huge fan of those and the chickens weren’t either. I much prefer the Precision Pet Excelsior Nesting Pads. We replace them quarterly because they don’t hold up for a lot longer than that.

Precision Pet Excelsior Nesting Pads

Predator Protection for Laying Hens

Predators happen. I don’t care where you live. Our small-scale homestead is on a busy road just outside of town. Streetlights flood most of our property. We still had a fox this year and we’ve dealt with raccoons in the past. I highly recommend reading the article above that talks about keeping your backyard chickens safe from predators. In addition to the tips you find there, these PredatorGuard Solar Powered Predator Deterrent Lights are a huge help. They have non-solar ones, but it’s nice to not have to run extension cords all over the place. Just this past year we attached two to our chicken tractor. That allowed us to move the birds anywhere in the yard we wanted to without fear of Mr. Fox nabbing them. They can also be used in the garden which is pretty handy when you are dealing with nighttime marauders. 

Predator Guard Solar Powered Predator Deterrent

The Water Fountain That Changed Everything

Providing our hens with fresh water was an uphill battle. The little gravity fountains work fine for small flocks or chicks, but if you have a larger flock, you’ll discover they’re constantly scratching litter into the water container. I discovered this hanging waterer that has nipple cups. The nipples work well for some chickens, but I discovered some of mine had trouble grasping how it works. The ones with the cups are more idiot-proof. The cups automatically fill thanks to float valves.

A hanging waterer that has nipple cups.

My Favorite Feed

I’m a MannaPro girl inside and out when it comes to feeding all of our livestock, not just the laying hens. Organic isn’t cheap. I’m not going to say it is. MannaPro offers one of the cheaper organic options, but we still do more to cut our costs. We ferment our feedgrow fodder, and compost in the chicken run. Both of these things help to cut the cost so we can afford to feed organic feeds. Eggs from hens raised on MannaPro often have stronger shells and the poop stink it’s as bad as it’s been when we’ve tried other brands. Yes, that is something important to consider. You don’t want to hold your nose every time you go into the coop. They offer layer pellets as well as starter crumbles but shop around. Amazon isn’t always the best deal.

Make sure before you embark on your chicken journey that you’ve checked your local ordinances.

A pinterest-friendly graphic promoting everything you could ever need to know to raise laying hens.

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